For making cigars, tobacco is grown around the globe, from Poland to South Africa, from Argentina to Canada and, westbound, from Philippines to Mexico. But cigar tobaccos are mainly grown in the intertropical areas.
Tobacco is actually a plant originally from America. Some species were identified in South Pacific. There are lots of species and varieties. Not all are used in smoking products. Lots of people are grown as ornamental plants since they are frequently blooming, showing colors from white to dark red and purple.
Here are among the countries by which tobacco is grown, to generate your cigars.
Argentina grows dark air-cured tobacco within the provinces of Misiones and Corrientes, and flue cured tobacco in the community of Salta. Misiones has also a creation of Burley type. These tobaccos are mostly for Marlboro cigarettes is appreciated in short filler cigars simply because of its smooth taste. Argentina was previously a huge producer and exporter but variations in the economic and income tax policies have seriously damaged the production, making the tobacco too expensive to get competitive about the international market. Consequently, production volumes have decreased.
Brazil is one in the largest world’s tobacco producers. The East Central State of Bahia is an important cigar tobacco growing area, about 100 miles west of the state capital, Salvador da Bahia, a dynamic port around the Atlantic Coast. The Northern State of Alagoas hosts a production around the city of Arapiraca where maduro cigar wrappers are grown. The Southern states of Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina produce tobacco for cigarettes and pipe
Cameroon cigar wrappers are grown in the East section of the country. The growing area spreads within the eastern border, into the Central African Republic. Wrappers are air grown, without fertilizers and pesticides, by small farmers. The normal plantation dimension is about one acre. The seed is originally from Sumatra, introduced inside the country just after WWII. Grown first for French Monopoly needs, the tobacco was offered on the international market when production was too large for this single use. Well appreciated by European manufacturers and huge American cigars companies, Cameroon wrapper production dropped down during the late 1980s, due to poor management. Today, quantities are small, and quality may be better.
China is by far the greatest tobacco producer, with approximately 5 millions metric tons. USA follows with about 1 million metric tons. Chinese tobacco is really a flue-cured type, not aromatic along with a bit sharp in taste. This tobacco will not be ideal for cigars. It can be mainly utilized for local cigarette consumption. A compact quantity is exported. Cigarette industries import the tobacco and employ it as a neutral and cheap filler.
The Connecticut Valley, in the Northeast in the USA, is famous because of its bright yellow cigar wrapper. As a result of sizzling hot and sunny summer, the tobacco is shade grown. Whoever has flown over Hartford, CT, seated next to the window, could not neglect to have observed the enormous white acreage of land standing all-around: the tobacco fields covered with white clothes to shield the plants in the direct sun radiation. And also the huge barns, large like cathedrals, ready for your flue curing. Impressive!
Tobacco grows throughout Cuba. Your premium cigar is made, I hope, from pall mall cigarettes from the West province of Vuelta Abajo, where a very good material is harvested. In Central and East Cuba, the provinces of Remedios and Oriente yield tobacco that may be not meant to be suitable for what everybody calls a Havana!
Dominican Republic is really a traditional tobacco-growing country. In the 60’s, a Cuban seed was introduced as well as the resulting tobacco (Piloto Cubano) became famous being a good substitute of your Cuban tobacco which had been no more permitted to enter the USA. Exiled Cubans did a fantastic job there. Piloto Cubano is really a full bodied tobacco but, maybe, is missing some aroma. Combined with Olor dominicano type, more aromatic, Piloto Cubano makes the 100% dominican cigar an incredibly decent cigar. Both Dominican types are excellent components for multi-origin blends.
The Eastern countries of your Mediterranean Sea are devoted to the culture of Oriental type tobacco, which is sun-cured. Greece, Turkey and Bulgaria will be the main producers, but Lebanon, Syria, Macedonia, and Romania may also be growing. This tobacco has tiny leaves, which can be sometimes only 2 inches long. The sun curing offers them a yellowish color and sugar content. Aroma is normally rich along with a small proportion of oriental tobacco inside a blend brings a good deal in the taste. This tobacco is not really useful for long filler cigars, but only to put it briefly filler cigars and cigarettes.
Ecuador is the ideal location to grow wrappers, since it is on the Equator! And possesses rich soils too. The weather conditions conditions, with a nearly permanent cloudy sky, supply a natural shade, devepky47 the wrapper plants from sunshine and allowing the tobacco to develop thin and light-weight. Ecuador supplies Connecticut and Sumatra type wrappers to many people cigar factory on the planet.
Honduras has produced up a strong reputation to make premium cigars. The country is actually a rather small tobacco producer and also the cigars are mostly made from imported leaves. However, Honduras has a great possibility of growing tobacco, especially wrappers, and might become a major player down the road.
Tobacco is grown in lots of islands of the Archipelago but, with regards to cigars have concerns, Sumatra and Java are the ones. Sumatra Wrappers are known worldwide. Central Java (Vorstenland) and East Java (Besuki) produce fillers and wrappers in abundance. Indonesia is a key country for cigar tobacco.
Dark air cured tobaccos are made in Mexico, mainly in Vera Cruz and Tampico provinces, around the East Coast down the Golf. There is also some production in Yucatan. Previously a state-owned operation, it really is now handled by private individuals and cooperatives. Mexican tobacco is incredibly dark and the best leaves can be used maduro wrappers. In San Andres de Tuxtla (Vera Cruz), you will find a quite interesting creation of Sumatra seed wrappers.
In Philippines, tobacco growing is concentrated inside the Northern portion of the main island of Luzon. Traditionally, dark tobacco for cigars was grown and Philippines’ cigars were very famous, within the powerful Compania General de Tabaccos de Filipinas. They probably declined simply because they were too mild. Today, Philippines still grows dark tobacco and has created a manufacturing of flue-cured tobacco for Benson & Hedges cigarettes.
Zimbabwe is probably the top three countries for top quality flue cured tobacco (together with the USA and Brazil). The embargo that hit the country, when it was still Rhodesia, failed to hurt the production. It made the Rhodesians more inventive and they also went on producing. At this time, Zambia and Tanzania, the neighboring countries were selling a whole lot! When the embargo was lifted in 1980 allowing us to deal directly, we discovered an amazing organization and equipment, the ideal worldwide. Tobacco was the best activity in the country and receiving a task in tobacco was actually a challenge for several boys. The specific Zimbabwean agrarian policy , which we won’t discuss here, will most likely strike this country from the selection of tobacco producers. Cigar industry will not suffer as flue-cured tobaccos are mostly concerned. Brazil should be the major beneficiary of this situation.